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SAAF 80 International Airshow and Africa Aerospace and Defence 2000


INTRODUCTION

In 2000 the South African Air Force (SAAF) was 80 years old. Birthday celebrations took place at various venues throughout South Africa. However, the highlight of these celebrations was undoubtedly the SAAF 80 International Airshow at AFB Waterkloof (near Pretoria) because of international participation and particularly by African countries. The military show took place from 8 to 9 September 2000 and coincided with Africa Aerospace and Defence 2000 [(AAD 2000); 5 to 7 September trade days]. South Africa, as host country, fielded the most aircraft.
 
FOREIGN MILITARY PARTICIPANTS
 
Visiting aircraft converged on South Africa from Africa (Algeria, Botswana, Zambia and Zimbabwe), South America (Argentina), North America (the USA), Asia (Singapore) and Europe (Belgium, Germany, Sweden, the UK). Aircraft started arriving on 30 August 2000, with the last one being here by 7 September 2000.


The South African Air Force celebrated its 80th birthday in 2000. Birthday celebrations commenced on 1 February (the official birthdate of the SAAF) with a mass flypast at the Air Force Memorial on the outskirts of the former AFB Swartkop (near Pretoria) and included airshows at other venues. However, the highlight of these celebrations was undoubtedly the International Military and SAAF 80 Show at AFB Waterkloof (near Pretoria) because of international participation and particularly by African countries. The show took place from 8 to 9 September 2000.Visiting aircraft converged on South Africa from Africa (Algeria, Botswana, Zambia and Zimbabwe), South America (Argentina), North America (the US), Asia (Singapore) and Europe (Belgium, Germany, Sweden and the UK). Aircraft started arriving on 30 August 2000, with the last one being here by 7 September 2000. In this image (taken on 2 September 2000) eight fighters/trainers can be seen. From the left to the right: Zimbabwean Hawks 605 and 610; a Zambian K-8 (AF-828); three Belgian F-16s (FA-107, FA-117 and FA-133); and SAAF Mirage IIIBZ 817 and IIICZ 800 the “Black Widow”.


In this view, depicting transport aircraft from the United States, Belgium and Argentina, Boeing KC-135T number 58-0062 of the USAF, C-130H Hercules number CH-01 of the Belgian Air Force and Lockheed L-100-30 Hercules number TC-100 of the Argentinian Air Force can be seen. All these aircraft were used in the support role. The original photograph was taken on 3 September 2000.
 

Here transport aircraft from (left to right) Belgium, Germany and Argentina are shown. Various Belgian support aircraft arrived and departed on different dates. Hercules CH-01 of the Belgian Air Force (illustrated on the left) arrived on 30 August 2000 and stayed for the duration of the show. The Belgian AF embarked on a modernisation programme to extend the service life of its Hercs. Initially it was decided to replace only the outer wing sections, but the avionics were also modernised. (Hercules CH-01 bears evidence of this refurbishment programme.) The Hercs are responsible for the heavy-lift requirements of the Belgian armed forces at home and abroad as well as global famine relief missions in support of UN forces. 15 Air Transport Wing, Melsbroek, of the Belgian Air Force has the motto “Tenacity” and an Indian’s head in the badge. It has two operational squadrons, namely 20 (Hercs) and 21 (VIP aircraft, including the Airbuses). The first (50 + 97) of two Luftwaffe C-160s arrived on 4 September 2000. It was put on static display, while the other aircraft took part in the flying display. They came from two different units, namely LTG 61 and LTG 62. The purpose of LTG 61 and LTG 62 is to support all services and enable the rapid short-, medium- and long-range transport of personnel and other sources, to undertake search and rescue operations and render rapid assistance in cases of disaster and emergency relief. The last aircraft is Argentinian L-100-30 number TC-100. This image was made on 5 September 2000.

Visitors
 
Algerian Air Force
 
An IL-76 transported two light aircraft to the show on 31 August 2000. After being parked on a disused taxiway, the IL-76 was put on static display. According to the details on the manufacturers’ plates of the light aircraft the Firnas-142 is a license-built version of the Zlin 142 and the Safir-43 a license-built version of the Zlin 43. After assembly, the Firnas was airtested (on 1 September). One light aircraft was put on static display while the other flew on the public days.


In 1989 the Algerian Air Force became one of several air forces outside the Soviet Union to operate the Ilyushin IL-76 (Candid). In the Algerian Air Force the aircraft is used in the heavy logistic support role, which up to then had been carried out entirely by Lockheed C-130H and C-130H-30 aircraft. The heavy logistic support role was well illustrated when two light aircraft were transported to the show on 31 August 2000 without main wings in the hold of IL-76 7T-WID. After being parked on a disused taxiway, the aircraft was put on static display. The colours of the aircraft are white, green and grey (top to bottom). Note the roundel on the aft fuselage (ahead of the registration) and the port and the starboard side as well as on the top of the wings. There are red tips on the main wings and horizontal stabilizers. The slats etc. are silver. This photograph shows the IL-76 on the disused taxiway on 1 September 2000.


Ilyushin IL-76TD 7T-WID has the construction number 1023414470. As far as the colour scheme of the machine is concerned Arabian titles are worn on the port side and English titles on the starboard side. Note the English titles and white type name.


This is a Firnas 142 and it is one of the light aircraft that were transported to the show in the hold of an IL-76. According to the details on the manufacturer’s plate of the Firnas it is a licence-built version of the Zlin 142 (also note the corresponding numbers in the names of the aircraft). After assembly, the Firnas was air-tested (on 1 September 2000). One of these aircraft was on static display while the other was scheduled to fly on the public days. Both light aircraft had a flag on the tailfin, a roundel on the wing and registration number on the wing and dorsal fin ahead of the tailfin. The following details appear on the construction number plate of this aircraft: Z142-3500-0560-14 and the date 1988. The aircraft is depicted at Waterkloof on 2 September 2000.


This roundel appeared on the wing of Safir 43 7T-VFP. These details were shown on the aircraft: Z43-3100-0647-04 and the date 1991.
 
Argentine Air Force (Fuerza Aerea Argentina)
 
A Pampa arrived partially disassembled on 1 September in the hold of a Hercules. The Pampa was unloaded the same day; assembly commenced immediately and the aircraft was airtested on 4 September. The Argentinians shared a hangar with the Algerians and the Swedes.


The FMA IA-63 Pampa has been in service with the Argentinian Air Force since 1988. One of these aircraft arrived partially disassembled on 1 September 2000 in the hold of a Hercules. The Pampa was unloaded the same day; assembly commenced immediately and the aircraft was air-tested on 4 September 2000. The Argentinians shared a hangar with the Algerians and the Swedens. In this view the Pampa is seen inside the shared hangar on 3 September 2000.


Lockheed L-100-30 Hercules TC-100 of the Argentinian Air Force has the construction number 4891 and its previous identity is LV-APW. The host unit of the aircraft is I Brigada Aérea, Grupo 1 de Transporte Aéreo, 1 Escuadron at El Palomar, Buenos Aires. The machine was used in the support role.

 
Botswana Defence Force (BDF)
 
Super King Air OB-1 of the BDF paid a brief visit to the show on 3 September 2000.
 
Belgian Air Force (Force Aérien Belgique)
 
Most of the Belgian aircraft arrived on 30 August 2000, with a USAF KC-135T keeping the F-16s company:
 
CA-01                         Airbus
CH-07                                    Hercules
FA-107/117/133       F-16
CH-01                                    Hercules


Most of the Belgian aircraft arrived on 30 August 2000, together with a USAF KC-135T keeping the F-16s company. F-16 FA-133 is seen touching down at Waterkloof on 30 August 2000. Later it was put on static display.
 

Various Belgian support aircraft arrived and departed on different dates. CH-07 did not remain for the show and departed by 1 September 2000. The construction number of this Hercules is 4476. The aircraft is seen at Waterkloof shortly after it arrived.

Various support aircraft arrived and departed on different dates. Hercules CH-11 was noted for the first time on 31 August and was gone by 1 September, while CH-07 departed by 1 September. Airbus CA-01 departed on 1 September. On 1 September CH-01 and the F-16s went out on a photo sortie and returned later the day; the F-16s went out again at 16:00, but was back by the next day. On 8 September CH-01 gave a flip to the winners of a lucky draw. Only the F-16s and Herc CH-01 stayed for the duration of the show.


The unit badge as seen on 31 August 2000 on FA-107.
 

Belgian Air Force F-16 FA-107 took part in the flying display on 8 and 9 September. Its display formed part of the opening sequence as well as the theme Fighter World.

German Air Force (Luftwaffe)
 
The first (50 + 97) of two Luftwaffe C-160s arrived on 4 September 2000. It was put on static display, while the other aircraft took part in the flying display. The two aircraft came from two different units, namely Lufttransportgeschwader (LTG) 61 and LTG 62.


The first (50 + 97) of two Luftwaffe C-160s arrived on 4 September 2000. It took part in the flying display, during which it performed a solo display on 8 and 9 September 2000. The display formed part of the theme Airpower Transport Aircraft. The aircraft is on the strength of Lufttransportgeschwader (LTG) 62.


Transall C-160D 50 + 99 has the construction number 136 and its host unit is LTG 61. The machine was put on static display.
 
Republic of Singapore Air Force (RSAF)
 
An unmanned air vehicle was put on show by the RSAF.


Unmanned air vehicles (one was at the show) were employed for the first time in 1979 in Singapore. According to the official programme for the show 128 Squadron of the Royal Singapore Air Force was formed in 1988 to provide real-time surveillance to the Singapore ground forces.
 
Sweden
 
A single- and dual-seat Gripen were transported by sea to Cape Town. They were assembled and test-flown at AFB Ysterplaat before being flown up to Waterkloof on 1 September. The dual-seat aircraft was put on static display and the single-seat one was used in the flying display.


A single- and two-seater Gripen of Sweden were transported by sea to Cape Town. They were assembled and test-flown at AFB Ysterplaat before being flown up to Waterkloof on 1 September 2000. The two-seater was put on static display and the single-seater was used in the flying display. This image of SAAB JAS39A Gripen was taken on 6 September 2000; “GRIPEN” can be seen on the wingtip. This aircraft participated in the flying display under the theme Fighter Frenzy.
 
United Kingdom
 
A mixed bag of aircraft came from the United Kingdom. On 1 September 2000 an AirStan IL-76 arrived with a Royal Navy (RN) Lynx in its hold. However, the majority of the British aircraft arrived on 3 September. These consisted of a Royal Air Force (RAF) Tristar, two RAF Tornados and an RAF Nimrod. A further visitor included an RAF C-130, which had arrived by 5 September 2000.


Quite a mixed bag of aircraft came from the United Kingdom. These included a private IL-76, a Royal Navy (RN) Lynx and several Royal Air Force (RAF) aircraft. On 1 September 2000 an AirStan IL-76 arrived with Royal Navy Super Lynx ZD-262 in its hold. The Lynx took part in the flying display under the title “Corporate and commercial”.


ZD-262 is a Lynx HAS Mk 8 of the Royal Navy. Various titles and markings appear on the machine. These are the following: “HMS Southampton” (in white on the nose of the machine), the number 334 (in white) and the Royal Navy logo on the fuselage door, the titles “ROYAL NAVY” in white on the rear fuselage, a roundel between “ROYAL NAVY” and the RN logo and the serial number in white on the tail boom.


A further visitor from the UK included RAF Hercules C Mk 3 (P) XV188, which was seen for the first time on 5 September 2000, of the Lyneham Transport Wing. The aircraft is finished in lowviz grey and there is a blue roundel with a red centre on the rear fuselage. The full serial number (188 is repeated below the cockpit glazing and above the flag on the tailfin in smaller numerals) is worn behind the roundel and a flag can be seen on the tailfin. “ROYAL AIR FORCE” titles appear in small letters behind the cockpit on the fuselage. The aircraft has long-range tanks and a refuelling probe and was used in the support role.
 

The majority of the British aircraft arrived on 3 September 2000, which consisted of a Tristar, two Tornados and a Nimrod. ZD953 is a KC Mk 1 Tristar series 500 of 216 Squadron at Brize Norton. The aircraft has the construction number 1174, its previous identity is G-BFCF and it was delivered in April 1983. Its colour scheme is white overall with a black/navy blue trim line on the lower fuselage, and a three-colour flag as well as the unit badge are visible on the tailfin. “ROYAL AIR FORCE” titles appear above the windows, “953” is repeated on the nose-wheel door and the three-colour roundel breaks the trim line behind the cockpit. Roundels are also worn on the undersurfaces of the wings. The Tristar and the Tornados also performed under the Fighter Frenzy theme.

United States
 
Most foreign visiting aircraft came from the United States of America, with an interesting mix from various commands, namely Air Mobility Command (AMC), Air Force Reserve (AFReserve), United States Air Forces in Europe (USAFE) and Air Combat Command (ACC). Some aircraft (notably the C-17 and KC-10) are used by both AMC and AFReserve. Here are the arrival dates:
 
2000-08-30    580062           KC-135T (together with Belgiums)


As far as the number of aircraft is concerned most foreign visiting aircraft came from the United States of America, with an interesting mix from various commands, namely Air Mobility Command (AMC), Air Force Reserve (AFReserve), United States Air Forces in Europe (USAFE) and Air Combat Command (ACC). Some aircraft (notably the C-17 and KC-10) are used by both AMC and AFReserve. This KC-135T (58-0062) arrived together with the Belgians on 30 August 2000

2000-09-03    970048           C-17A (arrived earlier the day on its own)
                        85-0031         KC-10A          these
                        91-0339         F-16C             five
                        91-0464         F-16D             aircraft
                        91-0324         F-15E             arrived
                        62-3561         KC-135R       together
 

Some aircraft (including the C-17) are used by both AMC and AFReserve. When C-17 number 97-0048 arrived on 3 September 2000, it first went to the main terminal to offload. The Air Mobility Command wing is the 437th Airlift Wing, while that of the Air Force Reserve is the 315th Airlift Wing. Both the AMC and AFReserve badges are displayed on the forward fuselage. The base of the aircraft is Charleston in South Carolina. The aircraft was put on static display.


This KC-135R, which has the serial number 62-3561, is operated by the 100th AGS of the 351st Air Refuelling Squadron of the 100th Air Refuelling Wing (ARW) of United States Air Forces in Europe and is based at RAF Mildenhall. The machine has the construction number 18544 and was built as a KC-135A-24BN and delivered to the USAF in June 1963. After having been reengined on 15 May 1987, the aircraft was redesignated as a KC-135R. Markings include the titles “Maj Gen Ken Hess” under the cockpit. Below that there is an image called The King Bee (with “Lily”). KC-135R 62-3561 also wears the badge of the Third Air Force. There is a white 100 on black on the tailboom and the RAF Mildenhall crescent appears on the tailfin. The inscription “European Tanker Task Force” on the machine indicates the 100th ARW’s commitment to tanker/refuelling operations in Europe. The distinguishing tail marking is the same as that carried by the 100th Operations Group’s B-17s when they were stationed at Thorpe Abbots, Norfolk, during World War 2. During the show this KC-135R was put on static display.


Fighting Falcon 91-0464 is on the strength of the 22nd Fighter Squadron at Spangdahlem (tailcode SP). Its host command is USAFE. “Stingers” appears in white on the red tailfin. The machine was part of the flying display under the theme Fighter Frenzy.


F-15E serial number 91-0324 of the 494th Fighter Squadron (FS) of the 48th Fighter Wing at RAF Lakenheath (tailcode LN) flies under the auspices of USAFE. During the show this Eagle was put on static display. The red fins denote the Panthers and the aircraft has the 494th FS’s unit badge on the port side.

Other arrivals included two B-1Bs (2000-09-05), a C-130H (first seen on 2000-09-06) and a second F-15E (it was supposed to have arrived on 2000-09-03, but it developed a snag en route; here by 2000-09-07).


86-0095 is a B-1B of Air Combat Command and is operated by the 77th Bomb Squadron of the 28th Bomb Wing (War Eagles) at Ellsworth AFB (tailcode EL) in South Dakota.


Lockheed C-130H 92-0547 was seen for the first time on 6 September 2000 at Waterkloof. It belongs to the 50th Airlift Squadron of Air Mobility Command at Little Rock, Arkansas. “The Rock” on the tailfin presumably refers to Little Rock AFB. It was displayed in the static park.

Interesting markings included mission markings below the cockpit of the F-16D. The aircraft in question was sometime before the airshow used in Kosovo/Bosnia). Both B-1B 86-0095 and F-15E 91-0324 carried out simulated refuelling sorties with the KC-135R on 7 September 2000 for the benefit of invited members of the media.
 
Before the show commenced, an E-2RS (tail number 809) arrived to undertake science missions from Pietersburg International Airport (ICAO code FAPB). These comprised missions over southern Africa to study atmospheric pollution, global warming, and ecological processes and cloud physics.



Before the show commenced, an E-2RS (tail number 809) arrived in South Africa to undertake science missions from Pietersburg International Airport. These comprised missions over southern Africa, from the Zambian Copperbelt in the north to Cape Point in the south and from Durban on the east coast to Walvis Bay on the west coast, to study atmospheric pollution, global warming, ecological processes in the Kruger Park and cloud physics off Namibia. The ER-2 is the NASA version of the more modern U-2R/TR-1. The tail number is a NASA number, and do not correspond with a USAF serial number. Lockheed ER-2 809 of NASA took part in the Reconnaissance section under the theme Airpower Collection on 9 September only. DRYDEN etc. appear below the cockpit.

Zambian Air Force
 
Y-12s AF-214 and AF-216 of the Zambian Air Force were noticed for the first time on 1 September 2000, with AF-216 departing the same day. According to the details on the manufacturer’s plates, these aircraft are Y-12 IIs. Three K-8s arrived at Waterkloof on 31 August 2000.


One of the African countries attending the show (Zambia) took delivery of the Y-12 twin turboprop STOL transport aircraft in 1996. Two of these aircraft (AF-214 and AF-216) were noticed for the first time on 1 September 2000, with AF-216 departing the same day. According to the details on the manufacturer’s plates, these aircraft are Y-12 IIs. Harbin Y-12 AF-214 construction number 075 has no titles and the light and dark green camouflage pattern is applied over the whole aircraft. The serial number appears in yellow on the aft fuselage and is repeated under the wing (port).
 

Here the roundel of Y-12 AF-214 under the port wing is illustrated.


Zambian Air Force Harbin Y-12 AF-216 has the construction number 89 and it is ex-B200L. The camouflage pattern of the machine differs from that of AF-214 and the shades of its colours are darker than that of the latter. The undersurfaces of AF-216 are white and the serial number on the tailfin is yellow and is repeated under the wing in black. ZAMBIA AIR FORCE titles (in yellow) are carried on the aft fuselage. The roundel on the fuselage is the same as that of AF-214, but it wears a superimposed bird. Both Y-12s were used in the support role.


In this view the roundel under the port wing of AF-216 is depicted.


Three K-8s of the Zambian Air Force arrived at Waterkloof on 31 August 2000. One was used in the static display, one in the flying display and one as spare. The K-8 is a single-engine, tandem-seat, fully aerobatic basic/advanced jet training aircraft. It was co-developed and co-designed by the Pakistan Aeronautical Complex, China National Aero-technology Import and Export Corporation and China’s Nanchang Aircraft Manufacturing Company. According to the official programme for the show the K-8s are from 43 Squadron Zambia Air Force Strike Command located at Mumbwa AFB in Central Zambia. The construction number of AF-827 (which appeared in the static display area) is L83200104.


The colour scheme of the Zambian K-8s consists of a camouflage pattern comprising dark green, light green and yellow colours as well as white undersurfaces. The nosecone, wingtips and top of the tailfin are finished in orange and the serial number is white. The construction numbers of the K-8s are repeated on various surfaces (as noted on AF-824 and AF-828). AF-828 has the construction number L83200105.

Air Force of Zimbabwe
 
Two different types of aircraft were sent to Waterkloof. CASA 212-300 serial 812 arrived and departed on 1 September 2000, but returned and departed again on 2000-09-08. Another one was seen on 9 September 2000, but the serial number is not known. Two Hawk T60s (one flying, one static) arrived early on 3 September 2000 and stayed for the duration of the show.


Two different types of aircraft (CASA 212s and Hawks) of the Air Force of Zimbabwe (AFZ) were sent to Waterkloof. The CASA 212s arrived and departed on different dates. A CASA 212-200 with an unknown serial number was seen on 9 September 2000. Both CASAs were used in the support role. Two Hawk T60s (one flying, one static) arrived early on 3 September 2000 and stayed for the duration of the show.


BAe Hawk T60 number 605 of 2 Squadron at Gweru has the construction number 312253 and its previous identity is G-9-491. It wears a cobra below the cockpit on the port side.


The serial number of this AFZ BAe Hawk T60A is 610 and the aircraft was previously ZH-572. Its host unit is 2 Squadron, Gweru. Note the Darth Vader picture below the cockpit. The machine was put on static display.


This photograph illustrates the roundel on Hawk 610.


CASA 212-200 serial 812 arrived and departed on 1 September 2000. The aircraft is on the strength of 3 Squadron at Manyame and the construction number of the machine is      A45-13-321.


The same CASA 212 returned and departed again on 8 September 2000. The camouflage pattern comprises three shades [dark earth (brown) plus ochre plus green], with a lighter colour (brownyellow) on the undersurfaces. The serial number appears in full on the dorsal fin and the construction number is worn on the tailfin.

SOUTH AFRICA
 
SAAF
 
All the major types operated by the SAAF as well as most of the operational units of the SAAF were represented at Waterkloof. The following aircraft were on static display:
 
Electronic Warfare (motto: an African perspective)
 
349     Cheetah C                V4 missile; RWR; chaff/flare dispensers
1200   Oryx                            special mods: SORJ (operated by 17 + 19 Sqd +
EWC, used for radar jamming and ESM) + EW-SPS (comprise MAWS + chaff/flare dispensers; distinctive feature bulged cabin door
1208    Oryx                            special mods: OCJ (operated by 17 + 19 Sqd +
EWC, used for communication jamming and COMINT); distinctive feature antenna array on cabin door (sbd side)
1421   Boeing 707               ELINT + COMINT
6828    C-47TP                      ELINT + COMINT (used by 35 Sqd + EWC); this
particular a/c a basic EW trainer; two distinctive antennas on top of forward fuselage


A special section was dedicated to electronic warfare, where various pieces of equipment and aircraft were on display to reflect the current status in respect of electronic warfare. This is Boeing 707-344C number 1421 (code AF-621) of 60 Squadron at FAWK. The 707’s construction number is 20283. The series number indicates that the aircraft is an ex-SAA machine. In fact, it was registered in November 1969 to SAA as ZS-SAI. The display information material indicated that the roles fulfilled by the Boeing 707 are electronic intelligence and communication intelligence. The host unit of the Boeing 707s was then 60 Squadron.


C-47TP 6828 also formed part of the electronic-warfare static display, the motto of which was an African perspective, and represented electronic-intelligence, communication intelligence and electronic-warfare C-47TPs. At that stage all C-47TPs were operated by 35 Squadron. This particular aircraft was a basic electronic-warfare trainer, though. Note the two distinctive antennas on top of the forward fuselage.
 
Denel (outside display)
 
55          Alouette III                                         592     Atlas Impala I
 
These were examples of redundant aircraft. The Alo was displayed together with a 120-mm gun and was modified by Denel.
 
216       Super Mirage F1                              847     Super Cheetah D
 
The Mirage and Cheetah were displayed together with the Russian SMR-95 engine and the R-73 air-to-air missile as examples of Mirage aircraft receiving new engines and having weapon systems re-integrated. (F1 = SMR-95A and AADG 52, Cheetah/Mirage III = SMR-95B and AADG 53.)


Super Mirage F1 216 formed part of Denel’s outside static display. Marvotech (Pty) Ltd (SA) was established as vehicle to promote cooperation between the Russian and SA defence industries. This cooperation lead to the creation of the SMR-95A/B engine and integration of the P-73 missile. The SMR-95 turbojet engine is a modification of the RD-33 engine (MIG 29). It differs from the base engine in respect of the lower arrangement of the engine accessory drive gearbox and spacer between the turbine and the afterburner. The P-73 is the first missile with combined aerogasdynamic control. Mirage F1AZ 216 was the prototype for the Super Mirage F1.


Super Cheetah D 847 also formed part of Denel’s outside display. The Mirage and Cheetah were displayed together with the SMR-95 engine of the Russian Federation’s Klimov Engineering Design Bureau and the P-73 air-to-air missile as examples of the reengining and reintegration of the weapon systems of Mirage aircraft. The SMR-95 turbojet engine is a modification of the RD-33 engine. Its aircraft accessory drive gearbox is lower and it has a spacer between the turbine and the afterburner. Cheetah D2 847 was the prototype for the Super Cheetah D2.
 
The SMR-95 turbojet engine is a modification of the RD-33 engine. Its aircraft accessory drive gearbox (AADG) is lower and it has a spacer between the turbine and the afterburner.
 
Mirage F1AZ 216 was the prototype for the Super Mirage F1 and Cheetah D2 847 the prototype for the Super Cheetah D2.
 
Denel (inside display)
 
Rooivalk 671 and Cheetah D 844
 
Entrance to Siyandiza area

 

C-130B 404 and 406
 

The Siyandiza Youth Programme was aimed at providing a large number of selected youngsters with an insight into aviation, service in the SAAF and careers that the aviation industry has to offer.

 
SAAF display
 
C-130F 411; CASA 212 8020; Cessna 185s 710 and 748; CN235M 8026; PC-12 8030; Cessna 208B 3002; C-47TPs 6885 and 6887; Mercurius ZS-LPE; Citation ZS-MLN and Cessna 210 ZS-KNC.


Also part of the SAAF static display was CASA 212-300 Aviocar 8020 of 44 Squadron. It carries the construction number 371 and is ex VDF-040 of the Venda Defence Force. The colour scheme of the machine indicates that it was inherited from the air arm of Venda.


The SAAF had various aircraft types from different units on static display. One of these was Cessna 185A 710 of 44 Squadron at Air Force Base Waterkloof. The aircraft’s construction number is 0312 and it was delivered to the SAAF on 16 May 1962. The colour scheme of the machine is the standard dark-earth and green camouflage scheme with the South African flag on top of the tailfin. Note the red propellor spinner, which was inherited from the aircraft’s days at 42 Squadron.
 

This aircraft, C-47TP 6887(2), represented the standard C-47TPs used by 35 Squadron at that stage and also formed part of the SAAF’s static display at the show. The construction number of the aircraft is 12704, it is finished in the standard two-tone blue and white colour scheme and it has a flag on the tailfin.

SAAF units present
 
2 Squadron (Cheetah C 349, 356, 371); 15 Squadron (BK117 382; Oryx 1239); 16 Squadron (Rooivalk 670, 671, 672, 673, 674); 17 Squadron (Alouette III 61; Oryx 1207, 1208, 1213, 1224, 1225); 19 Squadron (Oryx 1226); 21 Squadron (Falcon 50 ZS-CAQ, Citation ZS-MLN, Mercurius ZS-LPE); 28 Squadron (Hercules 403, 404, 405, 406, 411); 35 Squadron (C-47TP 6828, 6884, 6885, 6887); 41 Squadron (King Air 650, 653; Cessna 208B 3002, 3005, 3011, 3012; PC-12 8030); 42 Squadron (Cessna 185 710, 713, 715, 748); 44 Squadron (CASA 212-200 8011; CASA 212-300 8020, 8021; CN235M 8026); 60 Squadron (Boeing 707 1421); 85 Combat Flying School (Impala I 589; Impala II 1063, 1070, 1075, 1087, 1091, 1095); 104 Squadron (Cessna Centurion); Central Flying School (Astra 2018, 2020, 2024, 2025, 2026, 2027); Museum (Alouette II 22; Cheetah D 847; Dakota 6859; Hornet Moth 2007; Kudu 987; Mirage IIICZ 800; Mirage IIIBZ 817; Mustang 325; Puma 175; Sabre 367; and Vampire 277); TFDC (Oryx 1200)


Oryx 1239 formed part of the flying display as well. In 2000 the machine was on the strength of 15 Squadron at Durban. The flotation gear indicates that it is a maritime version.  In this image the helicopter is shown on the flightline on 7 September.


Falcon 50 ZS-CAQ of 21 Squadron (also a unit based at Waterkloof) was seen on 9 September 2000, but did not form part of the birthday celebration. 


South Africa, as host country, fielded the most aircraft in the 80th birthday celebration held at Waterkloof in September 2000, with the SAAF having the largest presence. All the major types that were at that stage operated by the SAAF as well as most of the operational units of the SAAF were represented in both the static and flying displays. Aircraft came from as far afield as Cape Town and Langebaanweg in the south and Hoedspruit in the north. However these two aircraft represented two units based at Waterkloof, namely 41 Squadron (the Cessna 208) and 44 Squadron (the Cessna 185).


Under the theme Fighter Frenzy Mirage III CZ 800 could be seen as part of the flying display on 8 and 9 September 2000. The aircraft is standing on the flightline on 2 September. This fighter is part of the SAAF Museum, but was then based at AFB Louis Trichardt. Its construction number is 149 and it has the name “Black Widow”. The colour scheme of this Mirage IIICZ is black overall, with gold trim, the museum badge and the titles “CUSTODIA TRADITIONES”. The machine arrived on 1 September 2000.

Hall 3
 
ATTD2            Astra mock-up
 

Flying display
 
The flying display comprised an opening sequence as well as a finale, and the sections in between were given various themes.
 
Opening
 
1.        Parade of emergency and service vehicles of AFB Waterkloof as well as Centurion and Pretoria, including:
 
DATE
 
61                    Alouette III                                                                              8 + 9/9
1207               Oryx                                                                                        8 + 9/9
1226               Oryx                                                                                        9/9
1239               Oryx                                                                                        8 + 9/9
 


The opening session of the flying display included a parade of emergency and service vehicles of AFB Waterkloof as well as Centurion and Pretoria and a flypast by several SAAF helicopters. Alouette III serial number 61 of 17 Squadron at Swartkop formed part of the flypast on 9 September. The construction number of the helicopter is 1063. Note the 17 Squadron badge under the serial number and the flag on the tailboom. The machine could also be seen under the theme Air Power Helicopter Heroes as part of the flying display.


Another helicopter that flew during the opening sequence was Atlas Oryx 1207, which here is illustrated on 9 September 2000. Its host unit is also 17 Squadron at FASK. As far as is known the construction number of the helicopter is 008.

2.            Parachute drop of RAF Silver Sharks and SAAF Golden Eagles; carrier aircraft Cessna 208s serials 3011 and 3012              8 + 9/9
 
3.            Formation flypast of C-130B 405, Astras 2018 and 2024          8 + 9/9


An additional aircraft that participated in the opening part of the flying display was 28 Squadron (based at Air Force Base Waterkloof) Lockheed C-130B Hercules 405 (a transport aircraft). It flew past in formation with Astras 2018 and 2024 on 8 and 9 September. The Hercules has the construction number 3765 and was delivered to the South African Air Force on 19 January 1963. Note the SAAF 80 years logo and “SOUTH AFRICAN AIR FORCE 1920 2000” titles. Here the aircraft is depicted on its take-off run for a practice session.
 
4.        Formation and solo aerobatic flying by Silver Falcons:
 
Astras 2020, 2025, 2026, 2027                                                                     8 + 9/9
 

The second-last item in the opening session was formation and solo aerobatic flying by the Silver Falcons on 8 and 9 September. The Silver Falcons also gave a splendid aerobatic flying display in the finale on the same dates. Here Silver Falcon Astra 2025 is illustrated taxying past on 8 September 2000.

5.            Belgian Air Force F-16 FA-107                                                    8 + 9/9
 
Corporate and commercial
 
1.         ZD-262           Super Lynx                                                                8 + 9/9
 
Flying training in the SAAF
 
1.         Formation and solo display
           
ZS-DHR         Tiger Moth, also solo                                                           8 + 9/9
ZS-BGN         Tiger Moth                                                                            8 + 9/9
2007               Hornet Moth                                                                         8/9
 
2.         Aerobatic display by Harvards of Peugeot Flying Lions
 
ZU-AYS, ZU-BET and ZU-BEU                                                                  8 + 9/9
 

A substantial number of South African veteran and vintage aircraft, warbirds as well as interesting corporate and commercial aircraft also took part in the show. The Peugot Flying Lions aerobatic team gave a formation flying display on 8 and 9 September under the theme Flying Training in the SAAF. The three aircraft are registered ZU-AYS (Harvard III, c/n 88-14670 and ex SAAF 7475), ZU-BET (Harvard AT-6C, c/n 88-11622 and ex SAAF 7695) and ZU-BEU (Harvard IIA, c/n 88-10015 and ex SAAF 7188). These three aircraft are warbirds.

3.         Solo displays
 
367                 Canadair Sabre                                                                   8/9
277                 Vampire                                                                               9/9
 
4.            Formation flypast and solo display                                         8 + 9/9
 
Formation flypast:    Imp I 589, Imp IIs 1063, 1070, 1075, 1087, 1095
Solo display:             Imp II 1063 Gannet


Impala I 589 and Impala IIs 1063, 1070, 1075, 1087 and 1095 took part in the formation flypast and solo display under the theme Flying Training in the SAAF on 8 and 9 September. For details about the individual aircraft see the complete list of aircraft in the accompanying text article.


Subsequent to the formation flypast under the theme Flying Training in the SAAF on 8 and 9 September Impala II number 1063 showed off its capabilities with a solo display.

Fighter Frenzy
 
1.            Mirage III CZ 800                                                                         8 + 9/9
 
2.            K-8 AF-824 Zambian Air Force
 
3.            Lightning ZU-BBD                                                                        8 + 9/9
 
4.            F-16D 91-0464 USAF                                                                  8 + 9/9
 
5.            Tristar and Tornados RAF                                                            8 + 9/9
 
Air Power Helicopter Heroes
 
1.            Alouette II 22
 
2.            Alouette III 61
 
3.            Puma 175                                                                                     8/9
 
4.            BK117 382
 

Also performing under the theme Air Power Helicopter Heroes was this MBB BK117A-3. Number 382 has the construction number 7076 and is used by 15 Squadron at FADN. Originally it formed part of the Transkei Defence Force as ZS-HRR.

5.            Oryx 1206                                                                                     9/9
               Oryx 1224 Bambi bucket, hot extraction                                      8 + 9/9
               Oryx 1225 solo display                                                                 8 + 9/9
 
6.         Rooivalk 674                                                                                   9/9
 
Historical Fighter
 
            Spitfire IX ZU-SPT                                                                          8 + 9/9
 
Tribute to Korean War
 
1.        Formation flypast
 
Sabre 367, Mustang 325, Vampire 277                                                     8 + 9/9
 
2.         Solo display by Mustang 325                                                     8 + 9/9
 
The Advent of Mach 2 in the SAAF
 
1.         Mirage III BZ 817                                                                           8 + 9/9
 

The theme under which Mirage IIIBZ number 817 gave a solo flying display on 8 and 9 September was the Advent of Mach 2 in the SAAF. Here it can be seen taxying on 9 September. The trainer is also part of the SAAF Museum and was then based at Louis Trichardt). The construction number of the aircraft is 229 and it sports the titles “Skydancer A RAINBOW NATION IN FLIGHT FOR A BETTER FUTURE” and the 21 years AFB Hoedspruit logo (titles “PRO NOSTRORUM PACE”) on the tailfin. It is finished in the colours of the national flag.

2.         Hawk 605 Air Force of Zimbabwe                                                 8 + 9/9
 
Airpower Collection
 
1.         Reconnaissance        Lockheed ER-2                                         9/9 only
 
2.         Fighter World   F-16 FA-107 Belgium AF                                     8 + 9/9
                                                F-15 91-0324 USAF                                   8 + 9/9
 
3.         SAAF bomber of yesteryear      Buccaneer ZU-BCR                  8 + 9/9
 

Illustrated here is Buccaneer ZU-BCR while taking part in the flying display on 9 September 2000 under the theme Airpower Collection as a SAAF bomber of yesteryear.

4.         USAF Bomber of today      B-1B 86-095                                     
 
Airpower Transport Aircraft
 
1.        Formation flypast
 
Caravan 2005, Cessna 185 No. 713 and Kudu 987                                 8 + 9/9
 

On 8 and 9 September a trio comprising Cessna Caravan 3005, Cessna 185 number 713 and Kudu 987 (of the SAAF Museum at Swartkop) executed a formation flypast that fell under the theme Airpower Transport Aircraft. In the complete list of aircraft you will find details of the aircraft (see the accompanying text article). Viewed in this instance (the photo was taken on 8 September) is Cessna 208 serial 3005 taxying.

2.         Solo display Dakota 6859                                                           8 + 9/9
 

C-47A 6859 of the SAAF Museum also took part in the flying display (it flew on its own) under the theme Airpower Transport Aircraft on 8 and 9 September 2000. The aircraft has the construction number 12586 and was delivered to SAAF Museum Swartkop on 24 September 1994. It is illustrated on 9 September 2000.

3.         Solo display CASA 212-300 8021                                              8 + 9/9
 

Yet another transport type performing a solo display under the theme Airpower Transport Aircraft on 8 and 9 September 2000 was CASA 212-300 Aviocar 8021 of 44 Squadron at Waterkloof. The transporter was constructed with the number 373 and its previous identity is T310 of the Bophutatswana Air Force. Its colour scheme is comprised of dark-earth and green camouflage. A flag is visible below the cockpit. This view shows the machine taking off for a practice session.

4.         Solo display Transall C-160D 50 + 97                                        8 + 9/9
 
Fighters of the SAAF
 
1.         Formation flypast three Cheetah Cs                                          8 + 9/9
            Cheetah C 371 solo                                                                     8 + 9/9
 

A three-ship formation of Cheetah Cs gave a good account of themselves as part of the theme Fighters of the SAAF on 8 and 9 September. After the formo Cheetah C 371 gave a solo display. This image of number 371 was made on 8 September. Cheetah 371 is operated by 2 Squadron at FALO. It is decked out in the standard two-tone lowviz camouflage colour scheme. The unit badge can be seen on the tailfin.

2.         Solo display Gripen JAS39A 39174 Sweden                             8 + 9/9
 
Finale
 
Aerobatic display by Silver Falcons                                                      8 + 9/9
 
Military tattoo
 
The Military Tattoo held on 5 September 2000 at 60 Squadron included flypasts by Oryx 1213, Rooivalk 672 and 673, BK117 382, the RN Lynx, the Silver Falcons and the two Gripens.
 
EXHIBITORS
 
Aerosud; Armscor; ATE (Vulture); BAE Systems; Comair (Cessna Grand Caravan ZS-NNK, Cessna Citation Jet ZS-NUW, Cessna 560 ZS-FCB, Cessna Citation X N758CX and Cessna Turbo Stationair ZS-BGR); Dassault Aviation (Falcon 900EX F-GVDP); Denel [LIW,  Eloptro, Kentron Dynamics, Kentron UAV and Atlas (Cheetah D 844); also see SAAF]; EADS; Eurocopter Southern Africa (Aerospatiale AS350B ZS-RWB, Eurocopter EC120B ZS-RLW); Execujet/ Bombardier Aerospace (Learjet 31A ZS-OML and Learjet 45 ZS-BAR and ZS-OIZ; Challenger 601 ZS-AVL; and Global Express N701WH); Flying Lions (Harvards ZU-AYS, ZU-BET and ZU-BEU); NAC [Raytheon (Beech Baron ZS-KCP and ZS-PCB; Beech 1900D Airliner ZS-OOW and Beech Super King Air B200 N3194U); Hawker 800XP ZS-DDT; Bell 407 ZS-RLB; and Robinson R44 Astra ZS-RLT]; Paramount; Saab; Shurlok  (Pitts ZS-LPK); Smirnoff (Pitts ZS-MDG, ZS-MZX and ZS-MZN); South African Airways (Boeing 737-800 ZS-SJC); Thunder City (Lightning ZU-BBD and Buccaneers ZU-AVI and ZU-BCR); and Transnet Heritage Flight (DC-3 ZS-BXF and DC-4 ZS-BMH).


South African Airways (SAA) started taking delivery of the Boeing 737-800 in July 2000. ZS-SJC (displayed) is the third SAA -800. It is a 737-85F and has the construction number 28828. It gave a flying display as one of the corporate/commercial types.


Display aircraft in the warbird category included Stu Davidson’s Aero L-29 Delfin ZU-AUW.  The construction number of the aircraft is 591429 and it is ex RA-1429 and 29. It was part of the flying display only.


The warbird category also included Mike Beachy Head’s (Thunder City) Buccaneers ZU-BCR and ZU-AVI and Lightning ZU-BBD. Here ZU-BCR is depicted on the day (4 September) it arrived. It is a Buccaneer S.2B and is ex RAF XW987.


The Transnet Heritage Flight (previously the SAA Museum Flight) at Swartkop sent C-47 ZS-BXF and DC-4 ZS-BMH to the show. The DC-4 appearing in this image was registered in June 1947 to SAA as ZS-BMH. Subsequently it became SAAF 6904. After having served with the SAAF, it again became ZS-BMH. The aircraft has the construction number 43157/79, was put on static display and took part in the flying display. It was displayed as one of the corporate/commercial types.


C-47A construction number 12107 originally had the SAAF serial number 6821 and then became ZS-BXF (registered in August 1948) with SAA. After service with SAA, it became SAAF 6888 and subsequently reverted to ZS-BXF. It also could be seen on static display and in the flying display as a corporate/commercial type.

The following abbreviations are used in this document: 

Abbreviation                                    Full form
 
AS                                                       Air School
CFS                                                    Central Flying School
CoFlSc                                               Combat Flying School
COMINT                                             Communication intelligence
CT Int                                                 Cape Town International Airport
ELINT                                                 Electronic intelligence
ESM                                                   Electronic Support Measures
EW                                                      Electronic warfare
EWC                                                   Electronic Warfare Centre
EW-SPS                                            Electronic Warfare Self Protection System
HFS                                                    Helicopter Flying School
Jhb Int                                                Johannesburg International Airport
Lbwg                                                  Langebaanweg
LT                                                        Louis Trichardt
MAWS                                                Missile Approach Warning System
OCJ                                                    Oryx communications jammer
SORJ                                                 stand-off Oryx radar jammer
Sqd                                                     Squadron
TFDC                                                 Test Flight and Development Centre
 
 
SOURCES

Aviation publications and internet sites
 
Avdata South African registration database
Enstrom Helicopter Production List, Jos Stevens/Rotorspot
FAA registration database
Silver Falcons 40 years, Winston Brent, African Aviation Series, No. 22
Swissheli.com, Swiss Helicopters, Swiss Helicopter History, Markus Herzig
 
Official brochures, catalogues, fact sheets and media releases
 
Brochures, fact sheets, flyers and media releases provided by various
 companies (e.g. AgustaWestland, Airbus, BAE Systems, Denel 
 
Own notes
 
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