COMMEMORATION OF JOINT AIR TRAINING SCHEME 2 May 1987
Commemoration of air training scheme
On 2 May 1987 the establishment of the JATS was commemorated at AFB Waterkloof (ICAO code FAWK) with a gathering of people and aircraft.
The British Air Council had approved a scheme to locate flying training schools overseas on 23 October 1938, but it was not until much later that the scheme was actually implemented.
In December 1939 Smuts offred facilities in South Africa for the establishment of flying training schools for the training of both RAF and SAAF pilots and aircrew. On 11 April 1940 General Smuts announced that this proposal had been accepted.
Under the initial agreement signed on 1 June 1940 there were to be four elementary flying training schools (EFTSs), four service flying training schools (SFTSs) and three air observers schools (AOSs). The agreement was that South Africa would provide the airfields, buildings and all facilities while the UK Government would provide the aircraft, sparers and items of training equipment.
A new agreement was drawn up and duly signed on 23 June 1941, which was called the “Joint Air Training Scheme in South Africa, Memorandum of Agreement”. The following units were proposed:
· Seven elementary flying training schools
· Seven service flying training schools
· Six (later five) combined observer navigation and gunnery schools
· A general reconnaissance school
· A proposed station for the assembly and testing of aircraft for training and operational needs
To this was later added an elementary observers school, an air signals school, a fighter operational training unit, a general reconnaissance operational training unit and an air armanent school and several additional assembly stations or air depots. The SFTSs were to be of two types, namely group I for single-engine training and group II for twin-engine training.
Late 1943 saw the JATS reach its zenith with all the air schools working to maximum output. Of an intake of 973 pupils to the EFTSs between 9 October and 18 December there was a corresponding output of 819.
By 1945 the contraction of the JATS was fully underway and one unit after another closed down. With rhe end of the war some of the former air schools were used as demobilastion centres. On 8 March 1946 the JATS finally closed down and there were only the statistics left: 33 347 men trained, of which 20800 were for the RAF. Of these well over 15 000 were pilolts and navigators. 12221 had served the SAAF and 326 in Allied air forces.
Aircraft noticed at the base on the day
Number/ Name Unit/ Base Remarks
|22||Sud Aviation SE-3130 Alouette II||SAAF Museum Flight||FASK||ICAO code for AFB Swartkop; construction number 1280, ex-VQ-ZBJ|
|204||Dassault Mirage F1CZ||3 Squadron||FAWK||Displayed with armaments|
|206||Dassault Mirage F1CZ||3 Squadron||FAWK|
|214||Dassault Mirage F1CZ||3 Squadron||FAWK||Standing next to hangar|
|333||Nord C-160Z Transall||28 Squadron||FAWK||Static display|
|369||Canadair Sabre Mk 6||FAWK||Gate guard|
|404||Lockheed C-130B Hercules||28 Squadron||FAWK||Static display|
|414||Hawkker Siddeley Buccaneer S Mk 50||24 Squadron||FAWK||Static display|
|455||English Electric Canberra B(1) Mk 12||12 Squadron||FAWK||Static display|
|564||Atlas Impala Mk I||24 Squadron||FAWK||Static display|
|632||Aerospatiale Alouette III||17 Squadron||FASK|
|2007||de Havilland DH-87B Hornet Moth||SAAF Museum Flight||FASK||Flew first-day cover|
|6828||Douglas C-47A||44 Squadron||FASK|
|7111||North American Harvard Mk IIA||Central Flying School||Dunnottar||CFS badge|
|7569||North American Harvard Mk III||Central Flying School||Dunnottar||
scheme, flew first-day cover
|7666||North American Harvard AT-6||Central Flying School||Dunnottar||CFS badge|
|7668||North American Harvard AT-6A||Central Flying School||Dunnottar||CFS badge|
|7690||North American Harvard AT-6C||Central Flying School||Dunnottar||CFS badge|
|A5||Sikorsky S-55C||SAAF Museum Flight||FASK||Previously WV223|
|KK476||Fairchild F24R-46A Argus Mk III||SAAF Museum Flight||FASK||Construction number 1094; ex-ZS-DEY (registered in January 1951)|
|VD+TD||Fieseler Fi-156C-7 Storch||SAAF Museum Flight||FASK||Construction number 475099|
|WG354||de Havilland DHC-1 Chipmunk T Mk 10||SAAF Museum Flight||FASK|
|ZS-AFA2||CASA 352L||South African Airways||FAJS||ICAO code for Jan Smuts Airport|
|ZS-BUC2||Bücker Bü.131 Jungmann|
|ZS-BXB||de Havilland DH-82A Tiger Moth||Formation fly-past & landing|
|ZS-CAQ||Dassault Falcon 50||21 Squadron||FAWK||Took off|
|ZS-CKX||de Havilland DH-82A Tiger Moth||Formation fly-past & landing|
|ZS-DHR||de Havilland DH-82A Tiger Moth||Formation fly-past & landing|
|ZS-FEL||de Havilland DH-82A Tiger Moth||Flew first-day cover|
|ZS-JGV||de Havilland DH-89A Dragon Rapide||Progress Airfield||Owner John English, no reggie|
|ZS-JVL||Lockheed L100-30 Hercules||Safair||FAJS||Took off|
|ZS-LPE||Hawker Siddeley HS-125-400 (Mercurius)||21 Squadron||FAWK|
AT-6 Harvard in South African Service: a pictorial history by Dave Becker and Winston Brent; African Aviation Series, No 1; 1995; Freeworld Publications CC
Civil Aircraft Registers of Africa; edited by Ian P Burnett; Air-Britain; 1981
Civil Aircraft Registers of Africa; edited by Ian P Burnett; Air-Britain; 1988
de Havilland Biplane Transports; Paul Hayes and Bernard King; a Gatwick Aviation Society publication in association with Aviation Classics; April 2003
85 Years of South African Air Force; Winston Brent – 1920 to 2005; African Aviation Series, No 1; Freeworld Publications CC; 2005
Squadron and Special Markings of the Post-war South African Air Force Covering the period 1946 to 1959; Ivan Spring; a Spring Air Publication; October 1994
The Douglas DC-3 and its predecessors; JMG Gradidge; an Air-Britain Publication; 1984
The SAAF Museum; Dave Becker; Aviation Society of Africa; approximately August 1977
The SAAF Museum; South African Air Force Museum Audio Visual Department; Airman Paul Vincent, Captain Dave Becker, Corporal L van der Walt and Airman J Ristow; no date
Yellow Wings: the story of the Joint Air Training Scheme in World War 2; Captain Dave Becker; published by the SAAF Museum; 1989
COPYRIGHT IMAGES 2017
Mirage F1CZ 204 has the construction number 64. Its colour scheme consists of a buff-and-dark-green camouflage, light-blue undersides and a black nose radome. Markings comprise the unit badge (the 3 Squadron motto is Semper Pugnans, which means “always fighting”) and orange-white-and-blue flag on the tailfin, the springbok castle, the type name under the cockpit, the last-two digits of the serial number on the nose wheel door and the full serial number on the rear fuselage. The machine was put on static display with its armaments.
Here Mirage F1CZ 204 is seen with de Havilland DHC-1 Chipmunk T Mk 10 number WG354 on the right-hand side. This Chipmunk has the construction number CI/0441 and was previously registered ZS-DIU (registered in September 1953).
In this view Mirage F1CZ 206 is taxying back.
Illustrated here is Mirage F1CZ 214 standing next to a hangar.
Nord C-160Z Transall 333 has the construction number Z2 and it was delivered on 25 August 1969. The colour scheme consists of a dark-earth-and-dark-green camouflage pattern, there are no markings (except the last digit of the serial number above the cockpit).
Note the last digit of the serial number above the cockpit.
The last digit of the serial number of Hercules 404 appears on the third step of the small door behind the cockpit.
Buccaneer 414 has the construction number SA4 17 and was delivered on 3 November 1965.
Serial number 455 is a Canberra B(1) Mk 12 and has the construction number 71675. The aircraft was delivered on 25 February 1964. Note the typical cockpit situated toward the left side.
The colour scheme of Canberra 455 consists of PRU blue. Markings include the full serial number on the rear fuselage and the last digit of the serial number on the nose.
Atlas Impala Mk I 564 has the construction number A89. Its colour scheme consists of silver with black above the nose. Markings comprise the springbok castle and full serial number on the rear fuselage, the orange-white-and-blue flag on the tailfin and the last-two digits of the serial number and 24 Squadron unit badge on the nose section.
Hornet Moth 2007 was previously ZS-ALA (registered in July 1937) and has the construction number 8121. The machine was impressed as SAAF 2007 in March 1940 and was restored and cancelled in March 1974.
Harvard 7569 is finished in a JATS colour scheme. This scheme consists of silver overall with a dark colour on the nose and yellow overall with silver. Markings consist of a type B roundel on top of the wings as well as a type A roundel and the full serial number under the wings. In addition there are the orange-white-and-blue flag and a small 7569, type A1 roundel and large 7569 on the fuselage. Note the two Tiger Moths in front of the aircraft.
Note the type A roundel and large serial number under the wing of Harvard 7569.
This is CASA 352L of South African Airways. The machine has the construction number 164 and was previously ZS-UYU, G-BFHE and E3B-273.
ZS-BXB has the construction number 82709, was registered in February 1948 and was previously SAAF 4636 and R4768.
Construction number 6831; previously NR743, VP-KEF (registered in July 1947), 5H-AAN (registered in August 1964) and VQ-SAG (allocated in February 1973, but not taken up). ZS-BUC2 and KK476 are in the background. ZS-BUC2 is a Bücker Bü.131 Jungmann with construction number 20 (registered in November 1973) and KK476 is a Fairchild F24R-46A Argus Mk III with the construction number 1094.